Patient-Centered Focused Review| Volume 364, ISSUE 4, P472-480, October 2022

Acute diquat poisoning causes rhabdomyolysis


      We studied the case of a 36-year-old female patient who self-administered about 30 ml of diquat solution (200 g/L) during a suicide attempt. She developed nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and weakness in her limbs and was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital 4 h later. The patient developed progressive swelling and pain in both calves 12 h after admission. Based on symptoms, lower limb color Doppler ultrasound, and elevated levels of myoglobin and creatine kinase, the patient was diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis caused by diquat poisoning. The patient recovered and was discharged after treatment with hemoperfusion, continuous venovenous hemodialysis, acid suppression, liver protection, low-dose glucocorticoids, etc. Rhabdomyolysis caused by diquat poisoning has not been previously reported. We attempted to analyze the mechanism of this symptom through a literature review. We recommend the routine monitoring of creatine phosphokinase (CK) and myoglobin (MYO) in patients with diquat poisoning to avoid missed diagnosis. Further, the mechanism of this poisoning symptom was discussed through the literature review.

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